Burundi in AMISOM –Somalia
Since Burundi has recovered peace, its government has decided to share the peace experience with other countries. Hence, it contributes to peace keeping missions all over the world. Since 2007, Burundi has sent more 5,432 troops to Somalia under the UN flag to help the Somali Federal Government fight the Al Qaeda-affiliated terror group known as al Shabaab and to restore peace and stability.
Headed by the AMISOM Force Commander, Lieutenant Gen. Silas Ntigurirwa, the component also provides protection to the country’s Federal Institutions as they carry out their functions and helps secure Somalia’s key infrastructure including its airports and seaports.
Soldiers of the Burundi National Defense Forces serving with AMISOM begun a rotation of troops 26 August at Aden Abdulle International Airport. A battalion of BNDF who have served a one-year deployment as part of the AU mission in Somalia are being replaced by a new group of forces who begun their own 12 month tour of duty upon their arrival in the Somali capital Mogadishu.
Based in Baidoa and commanded by Col. Jean Luc Habarugira, the contingent is primarily responsible for operations in Sector 3, which covers Bay and Bakool regions but also maintains troops in Sector 1 where they work closely with the Ugandan forces.
Burundi in MINUSCA – Central African Republic
On 10 April 2014, the Security Council, by its resolution 2149 (2104), established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) for an initial period until 30 April 2015 and requested the Secretary-General to subsume the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) in the new mission as of the date of the adoption of that resolution. It further requested the Secretary-General to ensure a seamless transition from BINUCA to MINUSCA.
It decided that, as of 15 September 2014, MINUSCA will initially comprise up to 10,000 military personnel, including 240 military observers and 200 staff officers and 1,800 police personnel, including 1400 formed police unit personnel and 400 individual police officers, and 20 corrections officers.
Committed to peace, Burundi has decided to send a battalion of 850 troops and 250 police personals to contribute to the restoration of peace and stability alongside troops from other countries such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt,, France, Gabon, Ghana, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Palau, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen and Zambia.
In Central African republic, violence erupted in December 2012 when the mainly Muslim Séléka (meaning ‘alliance’ in the local Sango language) rebel coalition launched a series of attacks. A peace agreement (Libreville Agreement) was reached in January 2013, but the rebels seized the capital, Bangui, in March, forcing President François Bozizé to flee. A transitional government has since been established and entrusted with restoring peace. The conflict however has taken on increasingly sectarian overtones by December as the mainly Christian anti-Balaka (anti-machete) movement took up arms and inter-communal clashes erupted again in and around Bangui.